how long does truck accident lawsuit take

September 13, 2023

How Long Does a Truck Accident Lawsuit Take? A Timeline of Events

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In the blink of an eye, a truck accident can disrupt lives, causing not only physical harm but also psychological and financial strains. For victims of such accidents, navigating the aftermath can feel daunting. There’s the immediate concern of recovery and, simultaneously, the long-term uncertainty regarding compensation. While truck accidents might be somewhat similar to other vehicular mishaps in their immediacy, the legal landscape that follows is often unique and intricate. Understanding the timeline and nuances of a truck accident lawsuit can provide clarity and, perhaps, some peace of mind during these challenging times. This article aims to shed light on the most pressing questions victims often have, especially concerning settlements, the potential compensation, and the role of legal professionals in Texas.

Understanding Truck Accident Lawsuits

Truck accidents aren’t just larger-scale car accidents. The size and weight of trucks, combined with the cargo they carry, often result in more severe consequences when accidents occur. Besides the physical devastation, the legalities surrounding truck accidents are complex due to several parties potentially being involved – from the truck driver and the owner of the truck to the company that loaded the truck or even the manufacturer of a potentially faulty part.

Several factors make truck accident lawsuits unique:

  • Multiple Liable Parties: Unlike most car accidents, where fault might be attributed primarily to one or two drivers, truck accidents often involve a deeper investigation into liability. The trucking company, maintenance teams, and even cargo loaders might have a role in the accident.
  • Regulations and Standards: Trucks operate under a distinct set of federal and state regulations. These rules, like those governing hours of operation, maintenance schedules, and weight limits, can play crucial roles in determining negligence.
  • Severity of Injuries: Given the size and weight difference between trucks and other vehicles, injuries from truck accidents can be particularly severe, leading to higher medical bills and longer recovery times.
  • Complex Insurance Policies: Trucking companies typically have larger insurance policies compared to standard vehicle drivers. Navigating these policies and understanding where compensations can be claimed requires specialized knowledge.

With these complexities in mind, it becomes evident that pursuing a truck accident lawsuit isn’t a straightforward task. The next sections will delve deeper into the intricacies of settlements, potential compensation amounts, and the specific scenario in Texas.

How Long Do Most Truck Accident Settlements Take?

One of the most pressing concerns for victims post-accident is the duration it might take for settlements to come through. The process isn’t fixed, and various elements can influence the timeline.

  1. Initial Investigation: Immediately following an accident, a thorough investigation is conducted. This encompasses evaluating the accident scene, gathering witness testimonies, reviewing camera footage, and inspecting the truck’s black box. This phase can range from weeks to a couple of months.
  2. Determining Liability: As mentioned earlier, truck accidents often involve multiple parties, from drivers to trucking companies and even manufacturers. Pinpointing liability can extend the lawsuit’s timeline, especially if there’s resistance or contention from the involved parties.
  3. Medical Treatment Duration: Before negotiating a settlement, the full extent of injuries must be understood. If medical treatment is ongoing, it might be wise to wait until the victim reaches Maximum Medical Improvement (MMI) so that all costs are accounted for.
  4. Negotiation Phase: Once evidence is compiled and injuries are known, negotiation with the insurance company begins. While some cases might settle swiftly, others can drag on, especially if the insurance company disputes claims. This can take anywhere from a few months to years.
  5. Trial: If negotiations break down and a settlement isn’t reached, the case may go to trial. Trials significantly extend the timeline, often adding years to the process.

While these stages provide a generalized idea, it’s essential to remember that every truck accident case is unique. Factors such as the clarity of liability, the number of involved parties, the severity of injuries, and even the specific jurisdiction can all affect how long a truck accident lawsuit might take.

How Much Are Most Truck Accident Settlements?

The question of compensation is, understandably, of paramount concern for victims. However, providing an exact average figure can be challenging due to the diverse nature of cases and their unique circumstances. Nevertheless, several factors can influence the settlement amount:

  • Severity of Injuries: As a general rule, the more severe the injury, the higher the potential settlement. Cases involving long-term disabilities, amputations, or significant disfigurement often result in larger settlements.
  • Medical Expenses: Past, current, and projected future medical bills play a substantial role in determining the settlement amount.
  • Loss of Wages and Earning Capacity: If the victim is unable to work or has a reduced earning capacity due to the accident, this factor can considerably boost the settlement figure.
  • Pain and Suffering: This non-economic damage accounts for the physical pain and emotional distress a victim undergoes post-accident.
  • Liability: Clear-cut cases where the truck driver or company is undeniably at fault can lead to higher settlements. In contrast, if there’s shared blame, the settlement might be reduced.
  • Insurance Policy Limits: The trucking company’s insurance policy limit can act as a ceiling for the settlement amount.

While these factors give an insight into potential compensation, it’s worth noting that every case varies. Some victims might receive settlements in the tens of thousands, while others, especially in high-liability and severe injury cases, can see figures in the millions.

The Texan Scenario: Compensation After an 18-Wheeler Collision

Texas, like every state, has its own set of rules and regulations when it comes to truck accidents and the compensation victims might expect. Here’s what victims in Texas should be aware of:

  • Comparative Fault: Texas operates under a modified comparative fault system. This means that as long as you are less than 51% at fault for the accident, you can recover damages. However, your compensation will be reduced by the percentage of your fault. For instance, if you’re found to be 20% at fault and have damages of $100,000, you’d receive $80,000.
  • Statute of Limitations: In Texas, victims generally have two years from the date of the accident to file a lawsuit. Waiting too long can mean forfeiting your right to compensation.
  • Potential for High Compensation: Due to the size and weight of 18-wheelers, accidents often lead to severe injuries or fatalities. This grim reality means settlements or verdicts in Texas can be substantial, especially if the trucking company or driver was evidently negligent.

To answer the specific question, “How much will you get paid if an 18-wheeler hit you in Texas?” – it largely depends on the factors listed above, as well as the specifics of the accident and its aftermath. But given the state’s comparative fault rule and the potential severity of truck accidents, victims often find that compensation can be considerable, provided they have a robust case and sound legal representation.

Record Settlements: The Largest 18-Wheeler Settlement

It’s human nature to be curious about extremes: the biggest, the smallest, the fastest, and in the realm of truck accident lawsuits, the largest settlements. Such cases not only demonstrate the profound impacts of these accidents but also highlight the legal victories that can be achieved with the right representation.

While the specifics of settlements often remain confidential, there have been instances where significant awards were reported:

  • Multi-million Dollar Settlements: Some victims of 18-wheeler accidents have received verdicts or settlements in the tens of millions of dollars, especially in cases involving egregious negligence, fatal outcomes, or severe life-altering injuries.
  • Factors Influencing Large Settlements: What leads to such substantial compensation? Typically, a combination of factors like the clear liability of the trucking company or driver, the severity of the victim’s injuries, and the capability of the legal team in presenting the case.
  • Publicity and Awareness: Such landmark cases often draw media attention, furthering public awareness about the dangers of negligent trucking practices and the rights of victims.

It’s essential, however, to approach such figures with a grain of caution. Every case is unique, and while these record settlements are heartening, they are not indicative of the average truck accident lawsuit. The focus should always be on obtaining fair compensation that truly reflects the damages and suffering endured by the victim.

Lawyer Fees: The Texas Picture

Navigating the legal landscape after a truck accident can be a complex ordeal. Hence, victims often turn to attorneys to guide them through the process, advocate on their behalf, and ensure they receive the compensation they deserve. But this professional help comes at a cost, and it’s crucial for victims to understand how these fees are structured.

  • Contingency Fee Basis: Most personal injury attorneys, including those specializing in truck accidents in Texas, operate on a contingency fee basis. This means that they’re paid a percentage of the settlement or verdict amount. If the case isn’t successful, the attorney doesn’t receive their fee. This arrangement aligns the interests of the attorney with those of the victim – both parties benefit from a successful outcome.
  • Typical Percentage: While the exact percentage can vary, it’s common for attorneys in Texas to charge anywhere from 25% to 40% of the settlement or verdict amount. Factors influencing this rate include the complexity of the case, the stage at which it’s settled (pre-trial vs. after a trial), and the reputation and experience of the attorney.
  • Additional Costs: Apart from the contingency fee, there might be other costs associated with building and presenting the case, like court fees, expert witness fees, and costs for obtaining medical records. It’s essential to discuss with the attorney how these costs will be covered.

To answer the specific question, “How much do lawyers take from a truck accident settlement in Texas?” – it largely depends on the agreed-upon contingency fee and any additional costs. As always, clear communication and understanding of the fee structure are paramount before entering into an agreement with an attorney.


What steps should I take immediately after a truck accident?

After ensuring your safety and seeking any necessary medical attention, it’s crucial to gather evidence at the scene (photos, witness information), report the accident to the police, inform your insurance company, and consult with a lawyer to understand your rights and potential claims.

How do I determine who is at fault in a truck accident?

Determining fault can be complex due to the multiple parties involved. It could be the truck driver, the trucking company, the entity responsible for loading the truck, or even the manufacturer of a potentially faulty part. An experienced attorney and thorough investigation can help pinpoint the liable parties.

Can I still claim compensation if I was partly at fault for the accident?

In Texas, the modified comparative fault rule applies. You can claim compensation as long as you were less than 51% at fault. However, your compensation amount will be reduced by the percentage of your fault.

How is compensation calculated in a truck accident case?

Compensation considers multiple factors, including medical expenses, lost wages, property damage, pain and suffering, and more. The specifics of the accident, the clarity of liability, and the severity of injuries all influence the final settlement or verdict.

Is it necessary to go to court for a truck accident settlement?

Not always. Many truck accident claims are settled out of court during negotiations with insurance companies. However, if a fair settlement cannot be reached, it might be necessary to take the case to trial to seek appropriate compensation.


Truck accidents, with their inherent complexity and potential for life-altering consequences, require a nuanced understanding of the legal landscape. From the intricacies of determining liability to navigating the negotiation maze with insurance companies, victims are often faced with a daunting journey. But knowledge is power. By understanding the timeline of a truck accident lawsuit and the factors influencing settlements, victims can approach the situation with clarity and confidence.

If you or a loved one has been involved in a truck accident in Texas, it’s crucial to seek legal advice to ensure you get the compensation you rightfully deserve. At Callender Bowlin, we pride ourselves on our commitment to our clients, our deep understanding of Texas’s legal landscape, and our track record of success in truck accident cases. Reach out to us today at (713) 364-1128 to discuss your case and chart the path forward.